Sonnet is a type (genre) of lyrics, the main feature of which is the volume of the text. A sonnet always consists of fourteen lines. Other rules for composing a sonnet (each stanza ends with a period, not a single word is repeated) is far from always respected. Fourteen lines of sonnet are twofold. It can be two quatrains and two terzets or three quatrains and distichs. It was assumed that there are only two rhymes in quatrains, and there can be either two rhymes or three in riches.
A sonnet is a very widespread form of poetry, which has long been included in the traditional usage in literature. The sonnet has its own form - it is strict and solid. Most often associated with a sonnet is the concept of "Shakespearean sonnet" or a sonnet that has an "English" rhyme. This form of sonnet was introduced by William Shakespeare.
In the 13th century, the Sonnet appeared in Italy, and it is known that under King Frederick II a notary and poet, a certain Jacopo da Lentini, served as the founder of the first known sonnet. A start was made, and the sonnets began to spread. If we talk about the ancient Italian sonnet, then we can give it the following definition: a sonnet is a syllable close to folk songs, similar to them in rhythm, structure and rhyme. Later, such a literary figure as Francesco Petrarch made a huge contribution to the structure and themes of sonnets. He brought as close as possible the feelings that the sonnet should express to vivid human experiences. This is what the main theme became, and Petrarch, as you know, is recognized as a high master of sonnet forms.
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