Satire is a kind of funny, comic and a special way of artistic reflection of reality, which consists in condemning the ridicule of the negative - social phenomena, human vices and the like. Unlike humor, a satire has a sharp, irreconcilable character. It originated in folklore as a special revealing genre of lyrics existed in Ancient Rome (Juvenal) and reached a high level in the literature of other genres of the ancient era (Aristophanes, Petronius, Lucian). In Western European literature, the heyday of satire is associated with the names of F. Rabelais, Moliere, J. Swift, and others.

Satire in literature, as a rule, is called a poetic work of a large volume, in which there is a negative or sharply condemns and indignant image of the properties and qualities of individual typical persons or a whole group of persons and phenomena. Simply put, a satire is any work of a comic genre that contains sharply expressed criticism of the characters of facts or objects of reality.

The power of satire in literary works directly depends on how significant the position in society is occupied by the satirical author, as well as on the means of satire used by him and on the courage of its composition.

The first literary works related to satire appeared back in the 2nd century BC. The most famous from ancient satirists is Aristophanes; it was he who was able to accurately and tenaciously comment on the actions of his dramatic works of prominent public figures.

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