The origins of Greek literature leaves in folklore and, mainly, in myths, which contain a lot of images and stories. A myth is a collective creation of the people, so it is not stability and constancy, as it developed and grew as the evolution of social consciousness. It is in myths that all the phenomena of social life – domestic features shepherds and hunters, particularly maternal rights, in different periods of development of marriage, etc.

Ancient Greek literature grew out of folklore and mythology were the main soil. In the myth display the "childhood" of humanity, especially of the Homeric epic. The heyday of mythology was not only the richness and diversity of images and stories, but also a deep spiritual content, which, in fact, did the ancient Greek literature a phenomenon of world culture. A huge number of art forms, styles and genres, subjects and motifs, which will be further popularization of European countries, originally developed by the ancient Greeks. I must say, without artistic discoveries of the ancient Greeks and their works, today it is simply impossible to understand the depth of creativity Petrarch, Dante, Ronsard, Rabelais, Corneille, Shakespeare, Racine, Voltaire, Lessing, Moliere, Goethe, Pushkin, Schiller, Gogol, Camus, Tolstoy and all the other geniuses of the literary art.

Roman (Latin) literature, like all other areas of science and culture in Rome, has developed under a strong influence of Greek culture. The Romans borrowed from the Greeks their literary genres, themes and forms, translated the works of Greek authors and imitated them. However, despite the dependence of Roman literature from Greek culture, the works of Roman authors reflected the whole soul of the Roman people.

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